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Ground Water is a Precious National Resource - Preserve it, Protect it and Don't Pollute it.

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Uttarakhand

Area (



Ganga Plain, Siwalik Hills, Lesser Himalayas, Central Himalayas


The State is drained by major perennial rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Sarda and Kali and their tributaries.

Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Tehsils

13 Districts 


The predominantly hilly State of Uttarakhand has a varied hydrogeological setup and can be divided broadly into two distinct hydrogeological regimes viz. the Gangetic alluvial plain and the Himalayan mountain belt. The former is covered with a vast expanse of alluvium and unconsolidated sedimentary material of varying size fractions (ranging from boulder to clay) and is a promising zone for ground water development. The latter zone, being predominantly hilly, offers much less potential for large scale development of ground water. Ground water in the hilly region occurs mostly in fissures/fractures and emerges as springs. The springs are amenable to small scale development of ground water resources in the State. The yield of tube wells in Siwalik formation ranges from 50.4 m3/hr to 79.2 m3/hr, in Bhabar formations yield is upto 332.4 m3/hr. In Tarai belt yield of tubewell ranges 36m3/hr to 144 m3/hr and in Indo-Gangetic plain yield varies from 90 m3/hr to 198 m3/hr.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources (2011)

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

2.17 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

2.07 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

1.05 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

51 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited



2 Blocks

Semi- critical

28 Blocks

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Areas identified for AR:13542 sq km
  • Volume of water to be harnessed:6578 MCM
  • Volume of water to harnessed through RTRWH:13.67 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:
  1. Percolation tank- 450
  2. Check Dams- 2300
  3. Recharge shaft- 150
  4. RTRWH(H)- 47500
  5. RTRWH(H)- 750

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Dehradun, Hardwar, Udham Singh Nagar

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Dehradun, Hardwar, Udham Singh Nagar

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development