Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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State Profile

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Chhattisgarh

Area (Sq.km)

1,36,034

Physiography

  • The Northern Hill Ranges
  • The Chhattisgarh Plain  
  • The Bastar Plateau

Drainage

The major rivers that drain the state are Mahanadi, Indravati, Son and Narmada.

Rainfall (mm)

  • Higher normal annual rainfall, more than 1500 mm is restricted to plateau regions of north-eastern and southern parts.
  • Plains of central and northern-most parts of the region receive less than 1500 mm

Total Districts

16 districts

Hydrogeology

Major water bearing formations are weathered, jointed & fractured rocks of Proterozoic age where ground water occurs under water table conditions. Water bearing fractures generally occur within 100 m depth. The semi-consolidated formations (Gondwanas) are another water bearing formations with weathered sandstone and lime stone forming good aquifers. The unconsolidated sediments including alluvium and laterite are also water-yielding medium.


Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

14.93 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

13.68 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

2.80 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

20 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

NIL

Critical

NIL

Semi- critical

8 blocks

Ground Water User Maps

16 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 11706 sq. km.
  • Quantity of Surface Water to be Recharged: 258 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:  648 Percolation Tanks, 2151 Check Dams/Cement Plug, 2582 Gravity head / Recharge Shaft, 7740 Gully Plug/ Gabion Structures, RWH in Urban Areas

Ground Water Quality Problems

Contaminants

Districts affected (in part)

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Bastar, Bilaspur, Dantewada, Janjgir-Champa, Jashpur, Kanker, Korba, Koriya, Mahasamund, Raipur, Rajnandgaon, Surguja

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Bastar, Dantewada, Kanker, Koriya,

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Bastar, Bilaspur, Dantewada, Dhamtari, Jashpur, Kanker, Kawardha, Korba, Mahasamund, Raigarh, Raipur, Rajnandgaon

Arsenic (>0.05 mg/l)

Rajnandgaon

 

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of groundwater: 

The Ground water Bill is under consideration of the State Government. To be enacted.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:  To be included.

 

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development

NIL

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)

21

Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)

17

 

 
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