Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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State Profile

State Profile

Ground Water Scenario of Gujarat

Area (Sq.km)


Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Talukas

25 districts  / 184 Talukas


The diverse terrain conditions have given rise to different ground water situations in the State. The rock formations ranging in age from Archaean to recent include gneisses, schists, phyllites, intrusive, medium to coarse grained sandstones, basalts and recent alluvium. The high relief area in the eastern and north eastern part occupied by Archaean and Deccan Trap have steep gradient allowing high run-off and therefore have little groundwater potential. The yield of wells in these formations range from 5-10m3/hr. The yield in sandstones varies from 50 to 170 m3/hr. The yield of wells tapping Quaternary alluvium in Cambay basin ranges between 75-150m3/hr. There are five major aquifers in alluvial sediments out of which the top one has dried up due to over exploitation.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

15.81 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

15.02 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

11.49 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

76 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

31 Talukas


12 Talukas

Semi- critical

69 Talukas

Ground Water User Maps

25 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 64264 sq. km.
  • Quantity of Surface Water to be Recharged : 1408 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:  4942 Percolation Tanks 13210 Check Dams,
  • RWH in Urban Areas for 4.5 Lakhs houses

AR schemes completed during IX Plan: 3

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Ahmdabad, Amreli, Anand, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Banaskantha, Dohad, Porbandar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh,  Mehsana, Navsari, Patan, Panchmahals, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surendranagar, Surat, Vadodara

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Ahemdabad, Amreli, Anand, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dohad, Junagadh, Kachchh,  Mehsana, Narmada, Panchmahals, Patan, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar,Vadodara

Chloride  (> 1000 mg/l)

Ahmedabad, Amreli, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Banaskantha,  Porbandar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh,  Dohad,  Patan, Panchmahals, Sabarkantha, Surendranagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Ahemdabad, Banaskantha, Bhavnagar, Kachchh,  Mehsana Narmada

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Ahemdabad, Amreli, Anand, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dohad, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh,  Kheda, Mehsana, Narmada, Navsari, Panchmahals, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar,Vadodara,

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water:
Gujarat Ground Water Authority (GGWA) has been constituted vide Government of Gujarat, notification No. GWR/1095/61/I-1/J-1 dated 19.09.2001 for control and regulation of ground water resources. The State Govt. informed that the draft Bill is under process of finalization and suitable legislation will be enacted shortly.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:
Metropolitan Areas have notified rules under which no new building plan is approved without corresponding rainwater harvesting structure. The D/o Roads & Buildings have been directed to ensure that all major Govt. constructions including educational institutions had adequate rainwater harvesting facilities. The Urban Development and Urban Housing Department has issued necessary orders Gujarat Town Planning Act, 1976 to incorporate the rules for RWH.


Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development
  • Gandhinagar Taluka, District Gandhi Nagar

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


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