Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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State Profile

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Himachal Pradesh

Area (Sq.km)

55,673

Rainfall (mm)

1340

Total Districts / Blocks

12 districts   / 69 Blocks

Hydrogeology

The State essentially is hilly terrain, comprising of fissured formations with a few inter- montane valleys having Quaternary alluvial fill. The sub-mountainous tract is a part of piedmont alluvial plains, which merges with Indo-Gangetic alluvium towards south west. Kandi belt and the adjoining hill slopes are underlain by boulders, gravels and clay.  The unconsolidated sediments, occurring in the inter-montane valleys and in the sub-montane tracts constitute the principal ground water reservoirs.The yield of the tube wells ranges 100 to 120m3/hr in valley fills. The yield of bore wells in hard rock is limited. The quality of ground water is generally good.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

0.43 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

0.39 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

0.12 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

30 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

NIL

Critical

NIL

Semi- critical

NIL

Ground Water User Maps

12 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: -
  • Quantity of surplus surface water to be recharged: 149 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:  1000 Sub Surface Dykes, 500 Check Dams, 300 Revival of Ponds, 500 Revival of Springs, 2000 RTRWH in Urban Areas

 

AR schemes completed during IX Plan: 6

  


Ground Water Quality Problems

Contaminants

Districts affected (in part)

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Una

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water: 

 The State Government has enacted “Himachal Pradesh Ground Water (Regulation and Control of Development and Management) Act, 2005 (Act No. 31 of 2005) in the State of Himachal Pradesh which also have been notified on 28.10.2005. The Rules under this Act are being finalized.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:

Installation of RWH system has been made mandatory for all buildings to be constructed in urban areas of the State and no building plan without RWH system can be approved including schools, all Government buildings and rest houses. Construction of RWH system has also been made mandatory for all Schools, Govt. buildings and Rest Houses, upcoming industries, bus stands etc.

Central Ground Water Authority



Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development

NIL

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)

12

Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)

9

 
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