Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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State Profile

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Jammu & Kashmir

Area (Sq.km)

2,22,236

Rainfall (mm)

998

Total Districts / Blocks

14 districts    / 123 Blocks

Hydrogeology

The occurrence of ground water in the State is primarily confined to five alluvial regions namely (I) Piedmont deposits of outer plain of Jammu, (ii) Dune belt in the outer Himalayas, (iii) Isolated valley fill deposits in lesser Himalayas, (iv) Fluvio-lacustrine deposits in Kashmir valley and Moraines and Fluvio-glacial deposits of Ladakh. The piedmonts can be further divided into Kandi and Sirowal belts. Ground water, except Kandi area where deep water table conditions occur, is both under phreatic and confined conditions. Ground water potential in the Dune belt is limited and yield of wells, 80 to 130 m deep is 3-6 m3/hr. In isolated valley fills, the yield from confined aquifer is about 3 m3/hr. from well of 65 m depth. Dug wells in Kashmir valley have limited yield whereas deep tube wells yield between 17-216 m3/hr. Ground water occur as perched water table and gives rise to spring or unconfined conditions in Moraines and fluvio-glacial deposits. In these areas, yield of tube well varies from 36-54 m3/hr. The ground water in hard rock of Jammu region is confined to weathered residuum, where the tube wells go dry during summer seasons. The quality of ground water is generally potable.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

2.70 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

2.43 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

0.33 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

14 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

NIL

Critical

NIL

Semi- critical

NIL

Ground Water User Maps

14 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Quantity of Surface Water to be Recharged :161 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:  500 Nala Bunds, 336 Revival of Kandi Ponds, RWH in Urban Areas for 1.5 Lakhs houses.

AR schemes completed during IX Plan: 8

Ground Water Quality Problems

Contaminants

Districts affected (in part)

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Rajaori, Udhampur

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Baramulla, Budgam, Kathua, Kupwara, Pulwama, Srinagar

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Jammu, Kathua

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water:
 
The draft Bill has been prepared and sent for obtaining comments of Central Ground Water Board and Ministry of Water Resources. Central Ground Water Board has informed the Jammu & Kashmir Govt. to take into consideration the provisions under the Environment (Protection) Act, 2005 while finalizing the State Legislation.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:
To be included.

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development

NIL

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)

12

Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)

8

 
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