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Ground Water is a Precious National Resource - Preserve it, Protect it and Don't Pollute it.

State Profile

Ground Water Scenario of Jammu & Kashmir

Area (


Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Blocks

14 districts    / 123 Blocks


The occurrence of ground water in the State is primarily confined to five alluvial regions namely (I) Piedmont deposits of outer plain of Jammu, (ii) Dune belt in the outer Himalayas, (iii) Isolated valley fill deposits in lesser Himalayas, (iv) Fluvio-lacustrine deposits in Kashmir valley and Moraines and Fluvio-glacial deposits of Ladakh. The piedmonts can be further divided into Kandi and Sirowal belts. Ground water, except Kandi area where deep water table conditions occur, is both under phreatic and confined conditions. Ground water potential in the Dune belt is limited and yield of wells, 80 to 130 m deep is 3-6 m3/hr. In isolated valley fills, the yield from confined aquifer is about 3 m3/hr. from well of 65 m depth. Dug wells in Kashmir valley have limited yield whereas deep tube wells yield between 17-216 m3/hr. Ground water occur as perched water table and gives rise to spring or unconfined conditions in Moraines and fluvio-glacial deposits. In these areas, yield of tube well varies from 36-54 m3/hr. The ground water in hard rock of Jammu region is confined to weathered residuum, where the tube wells go dry during summer seasons. The quality of ground water is generally potable.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources (2011)

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

4.25 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

3.83 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

0.81 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

21 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited




Semi- critical


Ground Water User Maps

14 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 5000 sq. km.
  • Volume of water to be harnessed: 1688 MCM
  • Volume of water to be harnessed through RTRWH:12.00 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:
  1. Check dam- 1000
  2. Pond- 688
  3. RTRWH(H)- 95000
  4. RTRWH(G & I)- 5000

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Rajaori, Udhampur

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Baramulla, Budgam, Kathua, Kupwara, Pulwama, Srinagar

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Jammu, Kathua, Anantnag, Kupwara

Heavy metals:
   Lead (above 0.01 mg/l)
   Cadmium (above 0.003 mg/l)

Lead:  Jammu (Gangyal), Bari Brahma, Kathua Cadmium: Kathua

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development