Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
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State Profile

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Karnataka

Area (Sq.km)


Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Talukas

27 districts / 175 Talukas


The state is covered by peninsular gneisses, granites, schists, & basalts along with sedimentaries of Kaldagi and Bhima groups.  The recent alluvium is restricted to coastal areas and stream courses. The water bearing and yield characteristics in hard rock are primarily controlled by the extent of weathering and fracturing. In limestone areas, solution cavities impart secondary porosity. The yield of tube wells tapping hard rocks is as high as 50 m3/hr. The tube wells in sedimentaries can yield up to 15 m3/hr.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

15.93 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

15.30 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

10.71 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

70 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

65 Talukas


3 Talukas

Semi- critical

14 Talukas

Ground Water User Maps

27 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 36710 sq km
  • Quantity of Surface Water to be Recharged: 2065 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:  1040 sub surface dams, 5160 percolation tanks/ desilting of old tanks, 17182 check dams, 8.3 lakh RTRWH with filter bed.

AR schemes completed during VIII Plan :2
AR schemes completed during IX  Plan: 2



Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Bagalkot, Belgaun, Bellary, Davangiri,Gadag, Gulburga, Raichur

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Bagalkot,  Bangalore, Belgaun, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamarajanagara, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga,  Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulburga, Haveri, Kolar, Koppala, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Tumkur

Chloride  (> 1000 mg/l)

Bagalkot, Belgaum, Gadag, Dharwar

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Bagalkot,  Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur,  Chikmagalur, Chitradurga,  Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Gulburga, Hasan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppala, Mysore, Raichur, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttar Kannada

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Bagalkot, , Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamarajanagara, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga,  Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulburga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppala, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur. Shimoga, Udupi, Uttar Kannada

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water: 
The State Cabinet has approved the “Karnataka Ground Water (Regulation and Control of Development and Management) Bill, 2007.  To be enacted.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:

The State has adopted a RWH policy to mandate this in all new construction. Bangalore City Corporation has already incorporated mandatory RWH in Building Bye-laws. Other ULB’s are being encouraged to do so.  Action to amend building bye-laws in major cities having population of more than 20 lakh to make RWH mandatory has been initiated.  Rural Development & Panchayati Raj Department has issued orders for implementation of roof top RWH in all Government buildings and also in rural schools. State has also extended help to the individual people also to the tune of 20% rebate on tax payment for 5 years duration.


Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development


Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


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