Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
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Madhya Pradesh
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State Profile

State Profile

Ground Water Scenario of Madhya Pradesh

Area (Sq.km)



Six physiographic units

  • The Satpura Range      
  • The Vindhyan Range    
  • The Malwa Plateau
  • The Bundelkhand Region
  • The Mahakoshal Range
  • The River Valleys


The rivers Chambal, Sindh, Ken, Betwa, Chotti Mahanadi and Son flows in the northern part; in the southern part of Vindhyachal ranges and west of Narmada, Tapi and Mahi rivers flow in the western direction, the river Wainganga joins the river Godavari drains the state.

Rainfall (mm)

Average 917 mm

  • High rainfall in the range of 1100 mm to 2200 mm occurs in Seoni, Balaghat, Umaria, Katni, Sidhi, Panna and Satna.
  • Low rainfall below 600 mm occurs in Ratlam, Ujjain, Barwani, Khargone, Rajgarh, etc.

Total Districts/ Blocks

48 districts  / 459 Blocks


The largest State of the country is underlain by formations in age ranging from Archaean to Recent. One fifth of the area is occupied by granite gneisses and meta-sedimentary rocks, whereas one tenth by Gondwanas comprising sand stones, lime stones & marbles. The Deccan Trap covers a larger part of the State whereas the Quaternary alluvium covers 6% of the State area. The alluvial deposits form prolific aquifers where tube wells can yield in the range of 50-80 m3/hr. The yield of tube wells in sand stones of Gondwanas ranges between 20-30 m3/hr; whereas in limestones of Gondwanas, it varies between 50-80 m3/hr. The yield of tube wells in basalts in select area ranges between 20-30 m3/hr.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

37.19 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

35.33 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

17.12 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

48 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

24 Blocks


5 Blocks

Semi- critical

19 Blocks

Ground Water User Maps

45 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 36335 sq km
  • Quantity of Surface Water to be     Recharged: 2320 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures: 5302 percolation tanks, 20198 nala bunds/ cement plug/ check dam, 23181 gravity head/ dug wells/tubewells/ recharge shafts, 69598 gully plugs, gabion structures

AR schemes completed during VIII Plan: 6
AR schemes completed during IX Plan: 5

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Bhind, Indore, Jhabua, Sheopur, Ujjain

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Bhind, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Guna, Gwalior, Harda, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Khargaon, Mandsaur, Rajgarh, Satna, Seoni, Shajapur, Sheopur, Sidhi

Chloride  (> 1000 mg/l)

Bhind, Ujjain

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Balaghat, Betul, Bhind, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Guna, Gwalior, Hoshangabad, Narsinghpur, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sidhi, Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha, Dindori, East Nimar

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Anuppur, Ashok Nagar, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar,   Gwalior, Harda, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Katni, Khandwa, Khargaon, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsimhapur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water: 

A suitable legislation on the lines of Model Bill is under consideration of the State Govt. To be enacted.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:

The State Govt. vide Gazette notification dated 26.8.2006, has made roof top RWH mandatory for all types of buildings having plot size of more than 140 sq.m. Govt. has also announced 6% rebate in property tax to individuals for the year in which the individual will go for installation of roof top RWH structures.

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development

  • Dhar block of Dhar district
  • Manawar block of Dhar district
  • Mandsaur block of Mandsaur district
  • Sitamau block of Mandsaur district
  • Neemuch block of Neemuch district
  • Jaora block of Ratlam district
  • Indore Municipal Corporation, Indore district

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


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