Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
1 Delhi
Himachal Pradesh
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State Profile

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Andhra Pradesh

Area (Sq. km)



A low relief terrain with three major physiographic units-

  • The Coastal Plains
  • The Eastern Ghats
  • The Western Pedeplain


The state is drained by three major perennial rivers viz. Godavari, Krishna and Pennar, ten medium rivers and several other rivers of lesser significance


Varies from 561 mm in Rayalaseema Region to about 1113 mm in the northeastern part of the state. No. of rainy days varies from 52 in coastal Andhra to 41 days in Rayalaseema and Telangana regions

Total Districts / Mandals

23 districts / 1125 Mandals


Nearly 84% of the State is underlain by hard crystalline and consolidated formations like Archaean, Cuddapah, Dharwars, Kurnool, Deccan Traps etc. The rest of the State is underlain by semi-consolidated formation like Gondwanas and Tertiaries and unconsolidated deposits like Recent alluvium. The yield of wells ranges between 2-5 m3/hr in Dharwars comprising schist, phyllites, amphibolites and epidiorites. In granite gneiss, khondalites and charnokites, the yield ranges between 10-35 m3/hr. In Cuddapahs, the yield ranges between 7-50 m3/hr. In shales and Deccan traps, the yield ranges between 0.5-1.5 m3/hr and 10-40 m3/hr, respectively. The yield of wells in soft rocks like Gondwana sand stone varies from 12-220 m3/hr. The alluvial formations are confined mainly in the delta region where the tubewells yield from 15-60 m3/hr.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

36.50 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

32.95 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

14.90 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

45 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

219 Mandals


77 Mandals

Semi- critical

175 Mandals

Ground Water User Maps

23 districts

 Artificial Recharge to Ground Water

  • Area identified for AR: 65,333 sq. km.
  • Quantity of Surface Water to be Recharged: 1095 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:  3800 Percolation Tanks, 11167 Check Dams, RWH in Urban Areas

AR schemes completed during VIII Plan: 1
AR schemes completed during IX Plan: 10

Ground Water Quality Problems



Districts affected (in part)


Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Anantapur, Kurnool, Kadapa, Nellore, Prakasam, Guntur, Mahabubnagar, Nalgonda, Krishna, Khammam, Warangal, Medak, East Godavari, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram


Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Adilabad, Anantpur, Chittoor, Guntur, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Krishna, Kurnool,  Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nellore,  Prakasam, Ranga Reddy, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Warangal, West Godavari


Chloride  (> 1000 mg/l)

Prakasam ,  Nellore, Guntur, Mahaboobnagar, Nalgonda, Krishna, Khammam, Warangal, Srikakulam


Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Adilabad, Chittoor, Kadapa, Guntur, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Krishna, Kurnool,  Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nellore,  Nizamabad, Ranga Reddy, Visakhapatnam,


Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Adilabad, Anantpur, Chittoor, Kadapa, East Godavari, Guntur, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Krishna, Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nellore, Nizamabad, Prakasam, Ranga Reddy, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Warangal, West Godavari




Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water: 

Andhra Pradesh Water, Land and Trees Act, 2002 covering whole State have been enacted with effect from 19.04.2002.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:

‘Andhra Pradesh Water, Land and Tree Act, 2002’ stipulates mandatory provision to construct rainwater harvesting structures at new and existing constructions for all residential, commercial and other premises and open space having area of not less than 200 sq.m in the stipulated period, failing which the authority may get such Rain Water Harvesting (RWH) structures constructed and recover the cost incurred along with the penalty as may be prescribed


Central Ground Water Authority


Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development

  • Midijil Mandal of Mahabubnagar District.
  • Tirupathi (rural) Mandal of Chittor District
  • Vempalli Mandal of Cuddapah district

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)



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