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Ground Water is a Precious National Resource - Preserve it, Protect it and Don't Pollute it.

State Profile 

Ground Water Scenario of Chhattisgarh

Area (



  • The Northern Hill Ranges
  • The Chhattisgarh Plain  
  • The Bastar Plateau


The major rivers that drain the State are Mahanadi, Indravati, Son and Narmada.

Rainfall (mm)

  • Higher normal annual rainfall, more than 1 mm is restricted to plateau regions of north-eastern and southern parts.
  • Plains of central and northern-most parts of the region receive less than 1500 mm

Total Districts

18 Districts


Major water bearing formations are weathered, jointed & fractured rocks of Proterozoic age where ground water occurs under water table conditions. Water bearing fractures generally occur within 100 m depth. The semi-consolidated formations (Gondwanas) are another water bearing formations with weathered sandstone and lime stone forming good aquifers. The unconsolidated sediments including alluvium and laterite are also water-yielding medium.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources (2011)

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

12.42 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

11.63 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

4.05 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

35 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited




Semi- critical

18 Blocks

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 22401 sq. km.
  • Volume of water to be harnessed: 2902.72 MCM
  • Volume of water to be harnessed through RTRWH:52.07 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures:
  1. Percolation tanks-4729
  2. Nala Bunds/Check dams-15862
  3. Recharge Shafts-28549
  4. Gabion Structure-38062
  5. RTRWH(H)- 190000
  6. RTRWH(G&I)- 10000


Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Bastar, Bilaspur, Dantewada, Dhamtari,  Janjgir-Champa, Jashpur, Kanker, Korba, Koriya, Mahasamund, Raipur, Rajnandgaon, Surguja

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Bastar, Dantewada, Kanker, Koriya,

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Bastar, Bilaspur, Dantewada, Dhamtari, Jashpur, Kanker, Kawardha, Korba, Mahasamund, Raigarh, Raipur, Rajnandgaon

Arsenic (>0.05 mg/l)