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Ground Water is a Precious National Resource - Preserve it, Protect it and Don't Pollute it.

                                                 State Profile                                         
Ground Water Scenario of Maharashtra

Area (


Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Taluks

35 Districts  


About 85% of the State is covered by Deccan basalts whereas the rest of the State is covered by Quaternary alluvium, Gondwanas, Cuddapahs, Kaladgis, Vindhyans, Dharwars and Archaeans. Based on the hydrogeological properties of different rock formations, the State can be divided into three major groups namely Unconsolidated, Semi-consolidated and Consolidated groups. The yield of dug wells in Deccan Trap varies from 0.2 to 30 m3/hr whereas in Vindhyans, Cuddapahs and Kaladgi, it varies from 1.12-10 m3/hr. In Archaean, yield is just 3-4 m3/hr. In the semi consolidated formations, which consists of coastal Sedimentaries, Intra-trapeans and Gondwanas, the dugwells yield between 6-12m3/hr. In unconsolidated formations, the dug wells yield between 0.5-20m3/hr.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources (2011) 

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

33.95 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

32.15 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

17.18 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development


Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

10 Talukas


2 Taluka

Semi- critical

16 Talukas

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 130011 sq km
  • Volume of water to be harnessed: 2846 MCM
  • Volume of water to be harnessed through RTRWH:257.43 MCM.
  • Feasible AR structures:
  1. Percolation tank – 9961
  2. Check dams       - 26924
  3. Recharge Shafts (U) – 5670
  4. Recharge Shafts ®   - 772
  5. Gabian Bund           - 1500
  6. NB/CP                    - 12000
  7. RTRWH (H)            - 1520000
  8. RTRWH (G&I)         - 80000     

 Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Amravati, Akola, Bhandara, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Dhule,  Jalna, Mumbai, Nashik, Pune, Raigad, Sangli, Wardha, Thane, UT of DNH

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Amravati, Beed, Chandrapur, Bhandara,  Dhule, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Jalna, Nagpur, Nanded, Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Yavatmal

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Ahmednagar, Amravati, Beed, Buldana, Chandrapur, Dhule, Gadchiroli, Jalna, Kohlapur, Latur, Nandurbar, Nashik, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Ratnagiri, Satara, Thane, Wardha, Washim, Yavatmal

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Ahmednagar, Akola, Aurangabad, Beed
Bhandara, Buldana, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Hingoli, Jalna, Kolhapur, Latur, Nagpur, Parbhani, Pune, Sangli, Thane, Wardha, Washim

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development