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Ground Water is a Precious National Resource - Preserve it, Protect it and Don't Pollute it.

State Profile

Ground Water Scenario of Madhya Pradesh

Area (

3,08,339.48 km2


Six physiographic units

  • The Satpura Range      
  • The Vindhyan Range    
  • The Malwa Plateau
  • The Bundelkhand Region
  • The Mahakoshal Range
  • The River Valleys


The rivers Chambal, Sindh, Ken, Betwa, Chotti Mahanadi and Son flows in the northern part; in the southern part of Vindhyachal ranges and west of Narmada, Tapi and Mahi rivers flow in the western direction, the river Wainganga joins the river Godavari drains the State.

Rainfall (mm)

Average 917 mm

  • High rainfall in the range of 1100 mm to 2200 mm occurs in Seoni, Balaghat, Umaria, Katni, Sidhi, Panna and Satna.
  • Low rainfall below 600 mm occurs in Ratlam, Ujjain, Barwani, Khargone, Rajgarh, etc.

Total Districts/ Blocks

50 Districts 


The largest State of the country is underlain by formations in age ranging from Archaean to Recent. One fifth of the area is occupied by granite gneisses and meta-sedimentary rocks, whereas one tenth by Gondwanas comprising sand stones, lime stones & marbles. The Deccan Trap covers a larger part of the State whereas the Quaternary alluvium covers 6% of the State area. The alluvial deposits form prolific aquifers where tube wells can yield in the range of 50-80 m3/hr. The yield of tube wells in sand stones of Gondwanas ranges between 20-30 m3/hr whereas in limestones of Gondwanas, it varies between 50-80 m3/hr. The yield of tube wells in basalts in select area ranges between 20-30 m3/hr.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources (2011)

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

35.04 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

33.29 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

18.83 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

57 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

24 Blocks


4 Blocks

Semi- critical

67 Blocks

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Balaghat, Bhind,Chhatarpur, Gwalior,  Indore, Jhabua, Khargone, Morena,   Neemuch, Ratlam,  Rewa, Satna,Sehore, Sheopur,  Shivpuri, Ujjain

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Alirajpur, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Harda, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Khargon, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinhpur, Rajgarh, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol,  Shajapur, Sheopur, Sidhi, Singrauli, Uajjain, Vidisha

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Balaghat,Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Khandwa, Katni, Mandla, Mandsaur,  Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh,Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur,Shivpuri, Sidhi,Tikamgarh,  Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha, East Nimar

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Alirajpur, Anuppur, Ashok Nagar, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, , Dindori,Guna,  Gwalior, Harda, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargon, Katni, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsimhapur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Singrauli, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha

Heavy metals:
   Lead (above 0.01 mg/l)

Lead: Balaghat, Barwani,Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Raisen, Rajgarh, Satna, Sehore, Shajapur, Shivpuri, Vidisha

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development
  • Dhar Block of Dhar District
  • Manawar Block of Dhar District
  • Mandsaur Block of Mandsaur District
  • Sitamau Block of Mandsaur District
  • Neemuch Block of Neemuch District
  • Jaora Block of Ratlam District
  • Indore Municipal Corporation, Indore District