Central Ground Water Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of India

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Andhra Pradesh
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State Profile

State Profile
Ground Water Scenario of Uttar Pradesh

Area (Sq.km)


Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Blocks

70 districts


Hydrogeologically, the States can be divided into Five units namely (1) Bhabar (2) Tarai (3) Central Ganga plains (4) Marginal alluvial plains and (5) Southern Peninsular zone. The first one is in the extreme north followed successively by the rest southwardly. The yield of tubewells tapping Bhabar and Tarai zones ranges between 100-300 m3/hr and 100-200 m3/hr, respectively. The water level is deep in Bhabar where as in Tarai auto flow conditions are noticed with piezometric head of 6-9 magl. The Central Ganga plain is characterized by low relief and numerous alluvial features. There are four major aquifers in the depth range of 700 mbgl. The yield of these tubewells ranges from 90 to 200 m3/hr. The thickness of sediments in Marginal alluvium is 50-300 m and yield of tubewells is between 35 to 70 m3/hr. The yield prospects of Vindhyan & crystalline rocks in the southern peninsular region are limited.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

76.35 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

70.18 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

48.78 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

70 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

37 Blocks


13 Blocks

Semi- critical

88 Blocks

Ground Water User Maps

70 districts

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)

  • Area identified for AR: 45180 sq km
  • Quantity of Surface Water to be     Recharged: 14022 MCM
  • Feasible AR structures: 4410 percolation tanks, 12600 cement plugs (check dams), 212700 recharge shafts, RTRWH structures (10 lakhs)

AR schemes completed during IX Plan: 8

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Agra, Hathras,Mathura,

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Agra, Aligarh, Etah, Firozabad,  Jaunpur, Kannauj, Mahamaya Nagar, Mainpuri, Mathura, Maunath Bhanjan

Chloride  (> 1000 mg/l)

Mathura, Agra

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Azamgarh, Balia, Balrampur, Etawah, Fatehpur, Gazipur, Gonda, Hardoi, Kanpur Dehat, Kanpur Nagar, Lakhimpur, Lalitpur, Mau, Siddartnagar, Unnao

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Agra, Aligarh, Allahbad, Ambedkar Nagar, Auraiyya, Badaun, Baghpat, Balrampur, Banda, Barabanki, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnour, Bulandsahar, Chitrakoot, Etah, Etawa, Fatehpur, Firozabad, GB Nagar, Ghaziabad, Ghazipur, Hamirpur, Hardoi, Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kannauj, Kanpur Dehat, Lakhimpur, Mahoba, Mathura, Meerut, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Raibarelli, Rampur, Sant Ravidas Nagar, Shajahanpur, Sitapur, Sonbhadra, Sultanpur, Unnao

Arsenic (>0.05 mg/l )

Agra, Aligarh, Balia, Balrampur, Gonda, Gorakhpur, Lakhimpur Kheri*, Mathura, Muradabad

Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water: 

The State Govt. is determined for conservation of Ground Water and the matter under reference is under active consideration.  To be enacted.

Inclusion of Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting (RTRWH) in building by laws:

Mandatory rules has been framed for compulsory installation of RWH system in all the new housing schemes/plots/buildings of all uses, group housing schemes with provisions of separate network of pipes for combined RWH/Recharging system. Roof top RWH have been made mandatory for plots of 100-200 sq. mt. In Govt. Buildings (both new as well as old), installation of RWH structures has been made mandatory.

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development
  • Municipal Corporation of Ghaziabad, Gaziabad District

Mass Awareness Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


Water Management Training Programme (as on 31.03.2010)


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