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Ground Water is a Precious National Resource - Preserve it, Protect it and Don't Pollute it.

State Profile 

Ground Water Scenario of Uttar Pradesh

Area (


Rainfall (mm)


Total Districts / Blocks

70 Districts


Hydrogeologically, the States can be divided into Five units namely (1) Bhabar (2) Tarai (3) Central Ganga plains (4) Marginal alluvial plains and (5) Southern Peninsular zone. The first one is in the extreme north followed successively by the rest southwardly. The yield of tubewells tapping Bhabar and Tarai zones ranges between 100-300 m3/hr and 100-200 m3/hr, respectively. The water level is deep in Bhabar where as in Tarai auto flow conditions are noticed with piezometric head of 6-9 magl. The Central Ganga plain is characterized by low relief and numerous alluvial features. There are four major aquifers in the depth range of 700 mbgl. The yield of these tubewells ranges from 90 to 200 m3/hr. The thickness of sediments in Marginal alluvium is 50-300 m and yield of tubewells is between 35 to 70 m3/hr. The yield prospects of Vindhyan & crystalline rocks in the southern peninsular region are limited.

Dynamic Ground Water Resources (2011)

Annual Replenishable Ground water Resource

77.19 BCM

Net Annual Ground Water Availability

71.66 BCM

Annual Ground Water Draft

52.78 BCM

Stage of Ground Water Development

74 %

Ground Water Development & Management

Over Exploited

111 Blocks


68 Blocks

Semi- critical

82 Blocks

Artificial Recharge to Ground Water (AR)


  • Area identified for AR: 110783 sq km
  • Volume of water to be harnessed: 5185 MCM
  • Volume of water to be harnessed through RTRWH:221.18 MCM


  • Feasible AR structures:


  1. Percolation tank- 3022
  2. NB/CD/CP- 66285
  3. RS/DW/TW- 39638
  4. RTRWH (H)- 1140000
  5. RTRWH (G& I)- 60000

Ground Water Quality Problems


Districts affected (in part)

Salinity  (EC > 3000 µS/cm at 25 ° C)

Agra, Aligarh, Firozabad, Hamirpur, Kashganj,Kanpur Nagar, Mathura, Rae Bareli,Unnao

Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)

Agra, Aligarh,  Etah,Kashiram Nagar, Firozabad, Jaunpur, , Mahamaya Nagar, Mainpuri, Mathura, Mau, Sonbhadra,  Varanasi and Unnao

Iron (>1.0 mg/l)

Azamgarh, Ballia, Balrampur, Etawah, Fatehpur, Gazipur, Gonda, Hardoi, KanpurDehat, Kanpur Nagar, Lakhimpur, Lalitpur, Mau, Siddartnagar, Unnao

Nitrate  (>45 mg/l)

Agra, Aligarh, Allahabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Auraiya, Azamgarh, Badaun, Baghpat, Balrampur, Banda, Barabanki, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Bulandsahr, Chitrakoot, Etah, Etawah, Fatehpur, Firozabad, GB Nagar, Ghaziabad, Ghazipur, Hamirpur, Hardoi, Hathras, Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kannauj, Kanpur Dehat, Lakhimpur, Mahoba, Mathura, Meerut, Mau, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Mirzapur, Raebarelli, Rampur, SantRavidas Nagar, Shajahanpur, Sitapur, Sonbhadra, Sultanpur, Shravasti, Siddarth Nagar, Unnao

Arsenic(above 0.05 mg/l)

Bahraich, Balia, Balrampur,
Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Chandauli, Ghazipur, Gonda, Gorakhpur, LakhimpurKheri, Meerut,   Mirzapur, Muradabad, Rai Bareilly, SantKabir Nagar, Shajahanpur, Siddarthnagar, SantRavidasNagar, Unnao

Heavy metals:
Lead (above 0.01 mg/l)
Cadmium (above 0.003 mg/l)
Chromium (above 0.05 mg/l)

Lead: Muzzafar Nagar, Mathura, Moradabad, Allahabad, Bhadohi, Ghaziabad, Jaunpur, Kanpur, Raebareli, Sonbhadra
Cadmium: Varanasi city, Unnao
Chromium : Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi, Kanpur, Unnao

Central Ground Water Authority

Areas Notified for Regulation of ground water development
  • Municipal Corporation of Ghaziabad, Ghaziabad District