CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD
CENTRAL GROUND WATER AUTHORITY
Central Ground Water Authority has been constituted under Section 3 (3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to regulate and control development and management of ground water resources in the country.
Powers & Functions:
The Authority has been conferred with the following powers:
(i) Exercise of powers under section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for issuing directions and taking such measures in respect of all the matters referred to in sub-section(2) of section 3 of the said Act.
(ii) To resort to penal provisions contained in sections 15 to 21 of the said Act.
(iii) To regulate and control, management and development of ground water in the country and to issue necessary regulatory directions for the purpose.
(iv) Exercise of powers under section 4 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for the appointment of officers.
Regulatory measures :
The Central Ground Water Authority is regulating withdrawal of ground water by industries/ projects in 839 Over-exploited and 226 Critical Assessment Units. List of these critical areas has been circulated to the State Pollution Control Boards and Ministry of Environment & Forests which refer the new industries/ projects to CGWA for obtaining permission.
CGWA has notified 43 critical/ overexploited areas in parts of NCT Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, MP, Gujarat, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Diu for control and regulation of development of ground water resources. For enforcement of the regulatory measures in these areas, concerned Deputy Commissioners/ District Magistrates have been directed under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to regulate ground water development in these notified areas.
Construction of new ground water structures is prohibited in the notified areas. Permission of drilling tubewells is being granted only to the Govt. agencies responsible for drinking water supply.
- CGWA has notified 65 areas in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Maharashtra, Kerala, Karnataka, Gujarat NCT Delhi and Uttar Pradesh warranting urgent action for registration of existing ground water extraction structures. Based on the data thus generated, action for notifying these areas for regulation has been initiated.
Ground water legislation :To enable the States to enact Ground Water Legislation, a Model Bill to Regulate and Control Development of Ground Water has been circulated by the Ministry of Water Resources to all the States/UTs. So far the states of Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh and Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Pondicherry have enacted and implemented ground water legislation.
Important Notifications and Proformas
- District Nodal Scientists of CGWB & District Magistrate/ District Colletors of States
- Notified Areas for Control and Regulation of Ground Water
- Gazette Notifications
- Amendment Gazette Notification
- Application form for ground water clearance by Industries
- Application form for application for ground water clearance by Infrastructure development projects
- Policy Guidelines of CGWA
- Appointment of Authorised Officers for NCT Delhi-South & South West District
- Directions to Civic Bodies
- List of Authorised Officers for Notified Areas
- List of Nodal Officers of CGWA in CGWB
- Revised Guidelines for construction of Tube Wells/ Borewells for Drinking and Domestic Purposes
- Approved Guidlines for Evaluation of proposals for GROUND WATER ABSTRACTION
- Status of NOC Issued, renewed and proposals received by CGWA during FY 2008-09
- Status of NOC Issued, renewed and proposals received by CGWA during FY 2009-10
- Status of NOC Issued, Renewed and Proposals received by CGWA during FY 2010-11
- Schedule to Public Notice No. 26-1/CGWA/D1/09
- Annexure to Public Notice No. 26-1/CGWA/D1/09
- Order dated 25/05/2010 for appointment of Authorised officers under Section 4 of EPA, 1986